Automated assembly of PCBs

Automation now plays an important part in circuit board manufacture. In this process, an automatic assembly machine positions components on the circuit board and then solders them fully automatically.

A handling system removes the component from its packaging, determines its position, and then calculates the travel that is necessary for exact positioning of the component on the circuit board. When a circuit board has been assembled, it moves to the next station. Circuit-board component packaging must ensure component protection, storage and transport. It must also allow the component to be placed in a precisely-defined position. There are various types of suitable packaging, including